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December 29, 2020 4 min read

The sunflower genus consists of almost 70 herbaceous plant species in the aster family. Sunflowers are mainly native to North and South America. Some species are cultivated for their impressive size and flower heads and for their edible seeds as ornamentals.

From an economic and ornamental point of view, the common sunflower is important. The flowers yield a yellow dye, the leaves are used as fodder, and the seeds contain oil and are used for food. 

The sweet yellow oil obtained by seed compression is considered equivalent to olive or almond oil for table usage. 

For stock and poultry feeding, sunflower oil cake is utilized. The oil is also used as a lubricant and in soap and paints. The seeds are popular in birdseed mixes and can be eaten fried, roasted, or ground into nut butter.

Sunflower – blooms with grace:

Sunflowers may be identified as tall, yellow, and bright by many individuals. Still, classic sunflower imagery simply does not do justice to the plant. Since they emerge in different ways, sizes, and colors, sunflowers are complex. Due to their huge, yellow blooms, sunflowers are known for evoking a feeling of positivity. Taller than many other garden blooms, they stand tall and always seem to perk up our moods. 

Interesting facts about sunflower blooms:

Amazing facts that you may not know about the incredible sunflowers include

·       Nutrition facts

Sunflowers can extract contaminants from polluted soil, such as lead, arsenic, and uranium. They are a natural soil decontaminator and have been used in some of the world's greatest environmental disasters, including Chernobyl and Fukushima, to clean up the soil. Sunflower oil is filled with calcium and iron. Sunflower oil contains vitamins A and D also.

·       Sunflower Oil has an anti-inflammatory effect.

Apart from elegance, the sunflower plant provides additional benefits. It is proposed that sunflower oil possesses anti-inflammatory properties. It requires linoleic acid that can be converted into arachidonic acid. Both are fatty acids that can help reduce water loss and restore the barrier to the skin.

Sunflower anatomy

  • The giant sunflower flower is made up of several small blooms. The sunflower middle, where the seeds grow, is made up of tiny blossoms that love bees. 
  • Speaking of a sunflower's inside, it is composed of smaller flowers; ray florets are known as the outer petals. The seeds have male and female sex organs in the middle and can generate seeds. They self-pollinate or attract wind and insect pollen. 
  • Usually, sunflowers grow between 5 and 12 feet tall (not counting cute little dwarf sunflowers.) In as little as six months, they will reach full height. 

Not All Sunflowers Are Yellow

A common truth that most individuals know is that sunflowers are yellow. The pigment of a sunflower does not, however, end there. Both red and purple may be sunflowers!

·       Yellow Sunflowers

This form of sunflower is lively and sure to make you happy. Up to 14 feet tall, the American Giant sunflower may grow, so "giant" may be an underestimate. This plant is one of the tallest sunflowers and can reach 12 inches wide on its sides.

·       Red Sunflowers

Roses are red, as the nursery rhyme taught us. Many kinds of flowers, in addition to roses, are red, including some sunflowers. Red sunflowers are available in various varieties. Some of them have similar heads that are daisy-like and are sometimes born from the common yellow sunflowers. Also, red sunflowers are a perfect way of adding a splash of color to a bouquet.

·       Purple Sunflowers

The Chianti Hybrid is a popular "purple sunflower." The petals of a Chianti hybrid have rich dark reds that are known as purple by others. This sunflower plant has no pollen and can grow to five feet, making it ideal for cutting. In blended bouquets, these sunflowers can help balance color.

Sunflowers Are Connected to Apollo

There are various meanings and symbols for sunflowers. Some date back to Greek mythology, with the tale of the God of the Light, Clytie and Apollo. The beauty of a king's princess named Leucothoe hit Apollo, already in love with Clytie, one day. The father of Lecucotha did not allow her to see Apollo, but this did not prohibit Apollo from seeing her.

One night, Clytie found Apollo and Leucothoe together and told Lecuothe's father out of envy. As a result, at the behest of her father, Leucothoe was buried alive. Apollo, out of sorrow, turned Clytie into a sunflower to stop having to look at her again. Think of drama!

Sunflowers Can Range in Height

Sunflowers are categorized into two groups daily: tall and dwarf. Some don't get taller than two feet, despite the common misconception that sunflower plants are giants.

Tall Sunflowers

Tall sunflowers are yellow and robust in general. In exceptional cases, most of these sunflowers exceed 12 to 16 feet tall and even higher. Skyscraper, Sunforest Mix and Russian Mammoth include forms of tall sunflowers. With their height and abundance of seeds, most of these sunflowers are enjoyed by birds. For individuals who love bird watching, this makes tall sunflowers attractive.

Dwarf Sunflowers

In clusters, dwarf sunflowers typically grow and immerse themselves in tiny gardens and pots. As they prefer not to grow taller than 3 feet, these sunflowers are known as dwarfs. Little Becka, Suntastic Yellow, and Pacino are forms of dwarf sunflower. A commonality between dwarf and tall sunflowers is that in full sunlight, they both grow best.

Young Sunflowers track the sun.

A fun fact of the sunflower is that young sunflowers watch the sun, also known as heliotropism. Scientists reveal that sunflowers have circadian rhythms that facilitate this action. The face of a young sunflower follows the sun each day from sunrise to sunset and repeats the cycle until maturity.

Mature Sunflowers Face East

When sunflowers reach maturity, their internal clocks begin to slow down before they fully complete heliotropism's actions. Don't worry; sunflowers are not harmed by this process. Up to five times more pollinators will attract sunflowers because they warm up faster than plants facing westward. When facing eastward, sunflowers are more active when warmed.


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